Renewable energy from wind farms is a vital component in the global energy transition, and in The Netherlands in particular. The contribution of power supply from offshore wind farms is rising rapidly. At the same time, exploitation of offshore wind farms requires new infrastructure and upgrade of existing infrastructure: wind turbines, long cables and energy islands serving as hubs between the offshore wind farms and energy users onshore. Such infrastructure may impact the coastal environment by interacting with waves, currents, coastal morphology and marine ecology. The design and environmental impact assessment of offshore wind farms and their infrastructure requires a good understanding of the coastal system, including metocean conditions and morphodynamic processes. It also requires close collaboration with other fields of expertise such as ecology, geology and structural engineering.
At Royal HaskoningDHV, we have ample experience with the design and impact assessment of offshore and onshore wind parks, energy islands and other infrastructure. We were involved in the first ever built wind park on the beach and in the coastal flood defense! Our experts provide design conditions such as extreme wind, wave and flow conditions. We also assess the impacts on seabed morphology, environmental conditions and water quality in the construction and operation phases, and find mitigation measures when needed.